Author Instructions

Thank you for your interest in Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation  Please go through the following instruction that helps you in your manuscript preparation and feel free to contact us for any queries. All papers will be subjected to Double-blind peer review process.

All articles must be submitted through online only. The Editors invite contributions to the following sections of the Journal:

Editorials

Review articles

Original Research articles

Short Communications

Letter to editor

Case Reports

Manuscript Style

Manuscripts must follow the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts to be submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication”. (Refer http://www.ICMJE.org/)

Preparation of manuscript:

Title Page: This should contain the title, short title, names of all the authors (without degrees or diplomas), names and full location of the departments and institutions where the work was performed, name of the corresponding author, acknowledgment of financial support and abbreviations used.

Authors

Must provide following information during submission of a manuscript.

The full names, qualifications, affiliations, details of position/place of work of all authors should be listed at the beginning of the article. Email id of the corresponding author is a must.

  • Abstract

  • Keywords

  • Introduction

  • Materials and Methods

  • Results

  • Discussion

  • Conclusion

  • Recommendations (If any)

  • Acknowledgments (If any)

  • Ethical Committee Approval (If any)

  • Source of funding (If any)

  • Source of conflict (If any)

  • References

  • Figure legends

  • Tables

  • Appendixes (if necessary)

  • Abbreviations (if necessary)

Abstract
The abstract should be structured and divided into four sections: Introduction, Methodology, Results and Conclusion.

Keywords minimum 5 to 6

Introduction: Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation. Cite only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

Methodology: The guiding principle of the Methods section should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way. Methods section should aim to be sufficiently detailed such that others with access to the data would be able to reproduce the results. In general, the section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section. If an organization was paid or otherwise contracted to help conduct the research (examples include data collection and management), then this should be detailed in the methods.

The Methods section should include a statement indicating that the research was approved or exempted from the need for review by the responsible review committee (institutional or national). If no formal ethics committee is available, a statement indicating that the research was conducted according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki should be included.

i. Selection and Description of Participants

Clearly describe the selection of observational or experimental participants (healthy individuals or patients, including controls), including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Because the relevance of such variables as age, sex, or ethnicity is not always known at the time of study design, researchers should aim for inclusion of representative populations into all study types and at a minimum provide descriptive data for these and other relevant demographic variables. Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and, unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases, (e.g., prostate cancer).” Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance. 

ii. Statistics 

Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to judge its appropriateness for the study and to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of mea¬surement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size and precision of estimates. References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated). Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the statistical software package(s) and versions used. Distinguish prespecified from exploratory analyses, including subgroup analyses. 

Results:  Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and figures, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or figures in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Provide data on all primary and secondary outcomes identified in the Methods Section. Extra or supplementary materials and technical details can be placed in an appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text, or they can be published solely in the electronic version of the journal.

Give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical significance attached to them, if any. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to ta¬bles with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.”

Separate reporting of data by demographic variables, such as age and sex, facilitate pooling of data for subgroups across studies and should be routine, unless there are compelling reasons not to stratify reporting, which should be explained. 

Discussion

It is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, and explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings. Emphasize the new and important aspects of your study and put your finings in the context of the totality of the relevant evidence. State the limitations of your study, and explore the implications of your findings for future research and for clinical practice or policy. Discuss the influence or association of variables, such as sex and/or gender, on your findings, where appropriate, and the limitations of the data. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in other parts of the manuscript, such as in the Introduction or the Results section.

Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, distinguish between clinical and statistical significance, and avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when war¬ranted, but label them clearly.

Conclusion: Conclusion should be clear and supported by the data.

Acknowledgments (if any): Acknowledgements – Limit of 150 Words

 Ethical Committee Approval: This should be mentioned in the article.

Source of funding (if any)

Source of funding should be mentioned if any. If the research activity is funded they should get permission from the funding agency for publication.

Source of conflict (if any)

Authors should disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript/ s or an institution/s or product/s that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study to be published. Authors should also disclose the conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

Tables and Figures

Tables

Tables should be numbered consecutively by their appearance in the text. They should be embedded in appropriate locations as per the text along with the captions. Place Legends for tables below the table body and indicate them with lowercase letters in superscript. Avoid vertical rules and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Tables in Excel should be copied and pasted into the manuscript Word file.

Figures

These must be numbered and cited in the text. Mark clearly in the margin of the manuscript where the figure is to be inserted and do not embed in the text. All figures should be in TIFF, JPG or JPG format. A minimum resolution of 300 dpi is required.  Do not supply figures of low resolution. Supply figure captions separately and not attached to the figure. The legends should be provided along with the figures.

References

References should follow the standards summarized in the NLM's International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals: Sample References web page and detailed in the NLM's Citing Medicine, 2nd edition. These resources are regularly updated as new media develop, and currently include guidance for print documents; unpublished material; audio and visual media; material on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk; and material on the Internet.

Review Articles

Description: These provide an in-depth review of a specific topic by Systemic critical assessments of literature and data sources. Appropriate use of tables and figures is encouraged. Where relevant, key messages and salient features may be provided up to 4000 words excluding references and abstract.

Case Reports 

Description: Observations of diseases, clinical findings or treatment. Text should be arranged as follows: Abstract; Introduction; Case Report; Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References. (approx. 700 to 1200 words) will be given priority.

Short communications 

These are brief reports on original research (approx. 1200 to 1500 words). A short report may include up to 3 tables or figures and 15 to 20 references.

Copyright

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to transfer the copyright to the publisher, but author still have right to use their published work.

Article Processing Charges

There is no submission charge. Due to costs towards article processing, maintenance of data storage system, databases and other financial constraints we charge article processing charges (APC) for authors in India INR2500.00 and authors from overseas USD $150.00.